A Pap test, or Pap smear, is part of a woman's annual wellness exam. The Pap test involves extracting a small sample of cells from the cervix. These cells are examined, in a lab, for abnormal cell changes. The Pap test is used in diagnosing cervical cancer and human papilloma virus, or HPV.
An abnormal Pap smear does not necessarily indicate a condition like HPV or cervical cancer. Pap smears detect any changes within the cervical cells, and abnormal results may indicate other conditions such as inflammation, hyperkeratosis, or atypical squamous or glandular cells. False positives are also common from Pap smears, but every precaution needs to be taken to ensure the patient's health.
If a patient receives an abnormal Pap smear, they will need a follow up examination to make sure that the abnormal cell changes have been resolved. The doctor may perform a colposcopy in order to examine the cervix more closely and take a biopsy of any abnormal tissues. The level of treatment of treatment, if any, will depend upon the evaluation of the abnormal cell changes.
* We would be happy to discuss with you any questions or concerns you might have! Please call us at (516) 439-5300 for a consultation, or to setup an appointment!