Immunizations, Pap Smear, STD Screening, Vaginal Rejuvenation

Pap Smear long island

Immunizations

Maternal immunization protects both the mother and fetus from the morbidity of certain infections. It can also provide the infant passive protection against infections acquired independently after birth. Ideally, immunizations are given prior to conception, but administration during pregnancy is indicated in some situations.

Non-immune women are immunized during pregnancy when there is a high risk of exposure to an infection, the infection is hazardous to mother or fetus, and the immunizing agent is unlikely to cause harm. Despite maternal immunological adaptations to pregnancy, immunization of pregnant women appears to be as effective as in non-pregnant women.

The 2 important vaccines a pregnant woman should think about is the flu shot. Getting the flu shot is the single best way to protect against the flu. It is important for a pregnant woman to receive the H1N1 flu shot. A pregnant woman who gets any type of flu has a greater chance for serious health problems.

* We would be happy to discuss with you any questions or concerns you might have! Please call us at (516) 439-5300 for a consultation, or to setup an appointment!


Pap Smear

A Pap test, or Pap smear, is part of a woman's annual wellness exam. The Pap test involves extracting a small sample of cells from the cervix. These cells are examined, in a lab, for abnormal cell changes. The Pap test is used in diagnosing cervical cancer and human papilloma virus, or HPV.

An abnormal Pap smear does not necessarily indicate a condition like HPV or cervical cancer. Pap smears detect any changes within the cervical cells, and abnormal results may indicate other conditions such as inflammation, hyperkeratosis, or atypical squamous or glandular cells. False positives are also common from Pap smears, but every precaution needs to be taken to ensure the patient's health.

If a patient receives an abnormal Pap smear, they will need a follow up examination to make sure that the abnormal cell changes have been resolved. The doctor may perform a colposcopy in order to examine the cervix more closely and take a biopsy of any abnormal tissues. The level of treatment of treatment, if any, will depend upon the evaluation of the abnormal cell changes.

* We would be happy to discuss with you any questions or concerns you might have! Please call us at (516) 439-5300 for a consultation, or to setup an appointment!


STD Screening

A sexually transmitted disease (STD) is a disease or infection that is spread from one person to another through sexual contact. Most STDs are caused by bacteria, parasites or viruses, that are transmitted through contact with the genitals, skin, mouth, rectum, or bodily fluids. STDs can cause problems ranging from mild irritation to severe pain. Left untreated, some STDs can cause illness, cancer, infertility or harm to a fetus during pregnancy

Risk Factors for STDs

STDs may be caused by a bacterial or viral infection that is spread through sexual contact. Individuals who may be more at risk for contacting an STD may include those who:

  • Engage in unprotected sex
  • Have multiple sexual partners
  • Are already infected with an STD
  • Abuse drugs or alcohol
  • Share needles for drug use or tattoos

In many cases, sexually transmitted diseases have no symptoms, especially in women, so a person may not even know if they have been infected. Periodic testing is recommended for anyone who may be at risk for an STD, including those who have multiple sexual partners, even if they are having protected sex.

Types of STD Testing

STD testing is not part of a standard physical exam or gynecological checkup, so unless an STD infection is suspected by a physician, testing must be specifically requested. The method of testing may vary depending upon the type of STD and it may include the following methods:

  • Blood test
  • Urine test
  • Swab sample from the genitals
  • Tissue sample

There are also several at-home test kits available for certain STDs. These tests usually involve the individual collecting a urine sample or a genital swab at home and sending it to a laboratory for analysis. Results are usually received within a few days. In some cases, because the sample is taken at home and not in a completely sterile environment, results of these test may not always be reliable. Positive test results from at-home STD tests, should always be confirmed by a doctor.

If an individual tests positive for an STD, a treatment plan should be discussed with and developed by a doctor. Fortunately, there are many effective treatments available for most STDS and although many STDs cannot be cured, there is medication available to treat and manage symptoms. Patients infected with a sexually transmitted disease should inform any sexual partners of the infection to make sure they are tested and treated. This reduces the risk of re-infection and spreading the disease to a partner.

STDs are serious infections that can cause lifelong or recurring symptoms and side effects. It is important for individuals to practice safe sex and get tested often.

* We would be happy to discuss with you any questions or concerns you might have! Please call us at (516) 439-5300 for a consultation, or to setup an appointment!


VAGINAL REJUVENATION

Vaginal rejuvenation refers to a procedure that reduces vagina and labia laxity or looseness. Also referred to as "Vagionplasty" and "Labiaplasty," the elective treatment is often surgical and performed by a Gynecologist or Plastic Surgeon.

Women often elect to have a vaginal rejuvenation procedure done because of aging, vaginal childbirth, menopause, weight gain/loss, or vaginal trauma.

* We would be happy to discuss with you any questions or concerns you might have! Please call us at (516) 439-5300 for a consultation, or to setup an appointment!

Locations

Fresh Meadows Forest Hills
Garden City Lake Success
Manhattan Massapequa
Long Beach

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